Importance of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) In Our Daily Life

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has an important role in the world since we are now in the information age era. With ICT, the company can make the business easier to happen with the client, supplier and the distributor. It is also very important in our daily lives. The lack of appropriate information at the right time will result in low productivity, low quality research works, and waste of time to pursue information and even to do research which actually others had done or in other countries. Nowadays ICT cannot be separated with our daily needs.

ICT has a great impact in our daily lives. For example, we can read our local newspaper using the online newspaper. Another example is we still can get connected with our family, relatives, or colleagues even if we are abroad by using the electronic mail, yahoo messenger, call conference, or video conference.

Digital computer and networking has changed our economy concept to the economy with no boundary in time and space because of ICT. It brings a lot of advantages for economic development enabling millions of transactions to happen in an easy and fast way.

ICT is one of the economic development pillars to gain national competitive advantage. It can improve the quality of human life because it can be used as a learning and education media, the mass communication media in promoting and campaigning practical and important issues, such as the health and social area. It provides wider knowledge and can help in gaining and accessing information.

ICT has become an integral part of everyday life for many people. It increases its importance in people’s lives and it is expected that this trend will continue, to the extent that ICT literacy will become a functional requirement for people’s work, social, and personal lives.

The use of ICT in education add value in teaching and learning, by enhancing the effectiveness of learning, or by adding a dimension to learning that was not previously available. ICT may also be a significant motivational factor in students’ learning, and can support students’ engagement with collaborative learning.

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is basically our society’s efforts to teach its current and emerging citizens valuable knowledge and skills around computing and communications devices, software that operates them, applications that run on them and systems that are built with them.

As a matter of fact, we are living in a constantly evolving digital world. ICT has an impact on nearly every aspect of our lives – from working to socializing, learning to playing. The digital age has transformed the way young people communicate, network, seek help, access information and learn. We must recognize that young people are now an online population and access is through a variety of means such as computers, TV and mobile phones.

It is in this premise that educational technology and e-learning is taught in or out of the classroom since educational technology is used by learners and educators in homes, schools, businesses, and other settings.

Information Communication Technology (ICT) – Definition, Advantages And Disadvantages

This article will familiarize you with the definition, advantages and disadvantages of Information Communication Technology (ICT). It is important for you to read carefully to understand the basics of Information Communication Technology (ICT).

The definition

Information Communication Technology (ICT), or Information Technology (IT) as abbreviated, stands for the use of computers and telecommunications technology and devices to produce, manipulate, store, transmit and securely retrieve information.

ICT Tools

These are the tools or gadgets that are used to locate, explore and exchange information. They include the following devices:-

• Computers – Desktops, Laptops, Palmtops, PDAs, Mainframes

• Telephones

• Mobile Phones (GSM)

• Fax machines

• Television sets

• Satellites

• Internet

Advantages of ICT

Following are the advantages of Information Communication Technology (ICT):

1. It provides timely, better and cheaper access to knowledge and information.

2. It speeds up business transactions, productions and management processes.

3. ICT has made possible for people worldwide, to access internet, in a new and exciting way.

4. With ICT tools, business dealings and transactions have moved closer.

5. It provides a very reliable, flexible, fast and accurate means of disseminating information in modern times.

6. It provides employment opportunities and opens new career fields for people around the world.

7. It is also one of the best mediums for giving out instructions in schools.

Disadvantages of ICT

Despite its numerous benefits, ICT has few limitations, some of which include:-

1. Job loss: ICT application in offices may cut down few jobs as manual jobs and tasks are being automated.

2. Costly: ICT components and tools can be expensive and unaffordable to general public.

3. Loss of Social Bond: Implementation of ICT in every sphere of life is limiting personal human relationships and physical contacts as more work and interactions are based online.

4. Crime: ICT may lead to increase in crime ratings. People are being defrauded online. Cyber crimes like identity-theft, credit card scams, systems hacking, and piracy are on the rise. Internet is flooded with cyber criminals like hackers, perverts, and stalkers.

5. Abuse: This is another disadvantage of ICT. Some examples include pornography (especially child pornography), plagiarism, cyber war, e-mail spams, etc.

6. Addiction: The use of ICT is addictive. Obsessive users can be found spending hours online. This behaviour may lead to stress and other health related complications.

Many parents also believe that the most common adverse effects of ICT may include contact of their child with aggressive or inappropriate contents, endangering their physical health (visual impairment, rigidity, spinal injuries) as a result of prolonged seating in front of the computer, obesity, and loss of contact with the real world leading to addiction. Besides, they also emphasize all positive effects are the acquisitions of new knowledge and skills that the child can benefit from IT for future employment. Parent’s who feel that the use of ICT is more harmful than beneficial to their child; argue by claiming their views that a four-year-old child is too young to be exposed to ICT.